What is an Ecodesign Stove?
What is an Ecodesign Stove?
An Ecodesign stove is an energy efficient stove, that must have a minimum efficiency of 75%, which is 10% higher than the current UKCA requirements.
What’s the difference between an Ecodesign stove and an open fire?
Ecodesign stoves are much more energy efficient, meaning the appliance is using less energy, it’s not working 10 times harder to provide the same outcome. It burns energy much more efficiently, making it cheaper to run (using less fuel). An Ecodesign stove is approximately 3 times more efficient than an open fire. As well as being more energy efficient, they’re also kinder to the environment because they produce fewer emissions.
Image: Lowry 5XL Wide (4.9kW)
The Ecodesign Regulations 2022
On 1st January 2022, The Ecodesign Regulation for solid fuel space heating appliances came into force. This new legislation sets new and tougher standards for appliance efficiency and emissions than the current UKCA/CE requirements. The new legislation means that consumers can buy a beautiful multi-fuel stove without questioning the impact on the environment, because they have undergone rigours testing. The new legislation has been enforced due to the growing popularity of woodburning stoves. Back in 2018, it was estimated that approximately 2.5 million homes in the UK were using a solid-fuel fire or stove. The government have stated that the new legislation will prevent 8,000 tonnes of microscopic pollutants, from entering the atmosphere every year.
The standards that must be achieved to meet Ecodesign vary depending on the specific type of appliance but in all cases they cover:
Minimum efficiency levels (using less fuel, less energy to achieve the same outcome).
Minimise levels of:
- Particulate matter (PM) – Which is the most damaging pollutant to human health.
- Carbon monoxide (CO) – Which improves air quality.
- Organic gaseous compounds (OGC) – Which emit potential harmful gasses.
- Nitrogen oxides (NOx) – Damages foliage, reduced crop yields and can also react with surfaces within the home – Damages foliage, reduced crop yields and can also react with surfaces within the home.
What is the clearSkies Scheme?
In 2020 the clearSkies certification scheme was introduced to help consumers identify stoves that meet and go beyond the requirements of Ecodesign by improving the efficiency and a greater reduction in emissions of the stoves.
clearSkies is a fully independent appliance certification scheme, administered by Kiwa UK and open to all manufacturers of solid fuel stoves.
To qualify for clearSkies certification a stove or fireplace has to have been independently tested by an approved laboratory and meet the emissions criteria set out within the Ecodesign Regulation. Test results are then verified by the clearSkies scheme administrator as part of the clearSkies certification process. The rigours testing costs the manufacturer £12,000 per stove or fireplace.
The clearSkies Scheme has been backed by various Government departments, such as Defra, Scottish Government, Welsh Government, and the Greater London Authority who encourage householders to look for the clearSkies logo to ensure their new stove or fireplace.
As well as meeting the requirements of Ecodesign, all clearSkies Level 3 and above models are certified as being Defra Exempt for use in smoke control areas.
The clearSkies certification levels range from 2 to 5 (5 being the most energy efficient). Each model is individually tested, at a cost of £12,000 each which is paid by the manufacturer.
Image: Lowry 5